BSc Computer Science
MSc Multidisciplinary Informatics
PhD (Computational) Geography
Analysis of 'big' social data to learn about how cities work
World leader in understanding cities through novel data analysis
Find out how you interrogate cities through ‘big’ data
Collaborate on a particular case study area?
Good crime data, but poor understanding about population-at-risk
Need accurate, high-resolution footfall estimates
Applicable to other critical areas, e.g. pollution
... more on this shortly ...
Autonomous, interacting 'agents'
Model phenomena from the 'bottom-up'
Modelling complexity, non-linearity, emergence
Natural description of a system
Bridge between verbal theories and mathematical models
History of the evolution of the system
Natural description: Easy to incorporate social/behavioural theory
BUT: Need detailed, high-resolution, individual-level data
Advantages of model complexity and flexibility are tempered by the difficulties in finding suitable values for model parameters based on empirical evidence.
'Big' data can help (?)
3-year research fellowship, funded by ESRC (UK)
Build an agent-based simulation of daily urban dynamics
Calibrated using a combination of traditional sources (e.g. census) with dynamic, crowd-sourced data
New insights into urban mobility patterns and footfall estimates.
Simulate daily urban dynamics
Shopping, commuting, education, etc.
Better understand daily urban mobility patterns
(Exploring the use of Improbable's SpatialOS)
Incorporate data into models dynamically (c.f. meteorology models)
Preliminary example using an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF)
Novel for ABM
Broad aim of research: Use dynamic data to calibrate a city-wide activity model
Simple case study: Breeze model
Activity patterns have broad regularities, but vary with (e.g.) seasonal trends
Build a model of traditional commuting behaviour (to MIT campus?)
Calibrate the model using Breeze traces.
That should help to account for long-term trends
Ultimately try to answer: where is someone when their app is off?
Broader patterns in human mobility
Leeds Institute for Data Analytics (LIDA)
Consumer Data Research Centre (CDRC)
Multi-million £ investments from Leeds and UK research councils
Collaborative space for big data analytics
Attract expertise from medicine/health, computer science, geography, mathematics, business ...